Research, Development and Innovation Agency Conference Portal, International Conference on Managing Forest Genetic Resources in Changing Environment and Landscapes

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EBONY (Diospyros celebica Bakh) CONSERVATION
Merryana Kiding Allo

Last modified: 2019-06-27


The typical geomorphological condition of the Wallacea region causes the flora and fauna have high endemicity. Species of Eboni (Diospyros celebica Bakh.) is a group of Diospyros is also one of the endemic species in Wallacea region. The habitats where its grows are unique, living on rocky and muddy soils, sufficient organic matter, associated with sugar palm in the agroclimate zone D₂ to C₃. Ebony trees produced wood pattern is straight strips, mild to heavy wave with the colorful mixed red and brownish yellow. Supported by strength and durability causing ebony wood classified class 1 and the luxury wood. The price is very expensive so that it continued to be over exploited. Before Forest Concession was handed over to private parties in the 70s the potential distribution of ebony trees of INP growth approached 92% and after management until the 90s, INP dropped. At present the existence of ebony trees in some ex-processing is only in the pillars form and in the conservation area can still be found at poles small diameter. In the future, ebony preservation so that it can escape the threat of extinction through replanting in-site that ebony tree can still be found in 100 years.



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