Research, Development and Innovation Agency Conference Portal, International Conference on Managing Forest Genetic Resources in Changing Environment and Landscapes

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Nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum) for Bioenergy, Landscape Restoration and Suppporting Rural Livelihood in Indonesia
Budi leksono, Hamdan Adma Adinugraha, Eritrina Windyarini, Trimaria Hasnah, Syed Rahman Ajijur Rahman, Himlal Baral

Last modified: 2019-05-24

Abstract


Land degradation is acute in tropical countries, such as Indonesia which has approximately 24.3 million ha of degraded lands. These lands have the potential to grow biofuel species to meet the need for energy security, income generation and land restoration. Our study assesses the potential of Calophyllum inophyllum to land restoration, biofuel production and as a climate smart farming (agroforestry) in Indonesia. Data was collected from a robust and through literature review, species suitability mapping, and field observation of species growth, survival and biofuel production potential. Result indicated that C.inophyllum is suitable to grow in 5.7 million ha of degraded land in Indonesia and could contribute to green energy production and restoration. This species can grow up to 1 m in height per year, and tolerates to harsh environmental conditions. The seed provides high levels of non-edible oil, thus making it ideal for biodiesel production. During the biodiesel production process, its waste can be used as a raw material in pharmaceuticals, cosmetic, charcoal, feed, and as compost for soil enrichment. Our study also demonstrated that, various cash crops can grow with C.inophyllum as agroforestry and provide extra income to farmers, thus create added value from such cultivation.

Keywords


Calophyllum inophyllum; biofuel; landscape restoration; agroforestry; income

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